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Scientists to measure the “dark energy” in the Universe

The European Space Agency states that its scientists have started a project with the purpose of measuring the “dark energy” in the Universe. This type of energy is believed to play a major role in the acceleration of the expansion of the cosmic space. The project starts with the launching of a telescope which will monitor the geometry of the Universe across 10 billion light years, AFP reports.

Science has made huge progress since the time it was first stated that the earth was round and not flat. We have discovered it is part of the solar system and there are other planets and satellites surrounding us, obeying strict cosmic laws.  We have made a virtual trip back in time and deduced the theory of the “Big Bang”. Now, we have discovered the so-called “dark energy” and the way it acts.

The scientists are curious about how the dark energy influences the geometry of the Universe and at what rate. So, on Tuesday, the European Space Agency (ESA) announced the plans of launching a huge telescope out in space in order to measure the expansion of the Universe. The telescope, named Euclid, is set to launch in 2019 and it will map the space across a record of 10 billion light years. Euclid “is designed to make major breakthroughs in our understanding of how the Sun influences its environment, in particular how the Sun generates and propels the flow of particles in which the planets are bathed, known as the solar wind”, the press release states.

The same day, a Nobel Prize was handed to scientists Saul Perlmutter, Adam Riess and Brian Schmidt for the measuring of the space expansion with a supernova. The cause (or reason) for this expansion is the dark matter, which is thought to “occupy” three quarters of the whole Universe and which is believed to both accelerate the time and expand the space of the Universe.

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