The National Institute of Health has performed a new study to determine the most effective treatment for the type 2 diabetes in youth. The study has shown that the combination of metformin and rosiglitazone is much more effective than metformin alone.
Type 2 diabetes in young patients is much more difficult to treat because it progresses more rapidly; therefore, doctors at the National Institute of Health have been performing studies to find a better treatment. For that, they have tested their premises on three groups of young respondents, ages 10 to 17. The first group received only metformin, the second a combination between metformin and rosiglitazone, whereas the third group received only metformin coupled with important lifestyle changes.
After 46 months, respondents were subject to another series of tests and doctors found out that the combination of metformin and rosiglitazone was much more effective. The first group had a blood glucose level of 51.7 percent, whereas those in the second group reached 38.6 percent. Lifestyle changes seem to play an important part in patients’ health condition given that the respondents pertaining to the third group had a blood glucose level of 46.6 percent.
Philip Zeitler, the leader of the research, told reporters that the study proves that youth with type 2 diabetes require a more aggressive treatment in order to counteract the negative effects of the disease. If patients don’t receive the right treatment, the disease could degenerate into complications, such as, coronary artery disease, stroke, kidney and eye disease, as well as nerve damage. The only way to prevent these affections is to keep the level of blood glucose at a low rate.
Doctors claim that drug treatment is necessary for youth patients because they tend to ignore lifestyle changes. Unlike adults who easily adopt a healthier lifestyle, children and young patients don’t understand how important these changes are for their condition. The majority of the children who suffer from type 2 diabetes have been diagnosed with childhood obesity, which why doctors recommend physical activity and healthy food.